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Mathematics Problem Solving - Volume 1

Number 1:

1. 7 rocks
2. 26 children
3. 99 lb.
4. 32 lb.
5. Elizabeth, \$ .15
6. 35 red marbles

Number 2:

1. 110 minutes
2. 6 dogs
3. (1999 - current year) + 9 years old
4. 67 lb.
6. \$ .14

Number 3:

1. 6 birds
2. 2 miles
3. 4 books
4. 14 coins
5. 7 years old
6. 3 footballs

Number 4:

1. \$ .25
2. Chris has the most money. (\$ .51)
Brittany has the least money. (\$ .45)
3. \$ 3.45
4. \$ .16
5. 104 coins

Number 5:

1. \$ 64.80
2. 255 more football cards
3. 20 guests
4. \$ 4.19
5. 7 more miles

Number 6:

1. 2 friends
2. \$ 7.05
3. 1 cupcake
4. 40 dollars
5. No (Students can estimate that the cost would be about 6
dollars.)

Number 7:

1. 56 years old
2. 33 years old
3. 9 years younger
4. 2 terms
5. 1858, If he had been born in 1871, he would have been
only 30 years old in 1901.

Number 8:

1. 40 minutes
2. \$ 5.00
3. Amanda is four years older.
4. 2000
5. 3
6. 3, 4, She doesn't know exactly how large the apples are.

Number 9:

1. 5
2. Roderick ( 11 to 9 )
3. Examples may vary. Roger could carry four classes, most
of them by wide margins. Heather carries five classes by slim
margins.
4. 12 students

Number 10:

1. 2
2. 80
3. Yes
4. three
5. November 22

Number 11:

1. \$ 7.75
2. 6 rows
3. 80 disks
4. 19 pens
5. 263 boys
6. 3 more miles

Number 12:

1. 60 tablets
2. 5 chickens
3. 90 meals
4. 3 sisters ( Assuming that Summer is female. )
5. 16 pound

Number 13:

1. 24 cans of soda
2. 198 lights
3. 143 ornaments
6. 153 years ago

Number 14:

1. 16 days
2. 95 papers
3. 124 meals
4. 24 inches
5. 20 days

Number 15:

1. 531 blocks
2. \$ 59.95
3. \$ 49.50
4. 200 ornaments
5. 288 lights

Number 16:

1. \$ 9.00
2. \$ 22.50
3. \$ 13.50
4. \$ 2.49
5. 4 dollar bills

Number 17:

1. Dennis paid \$ .25 less.
2. \$ 4.95
3. 105 pages
4. 68 years old
5. 24 inches more

Number 18:

1. 44,640 minutes long
2. 768 ounces
3. 3,600 seconds
4. Neither, they're equal.
5. 16 hours

Number 19:

1. 28 days
2. 224 ounces
3. \$ 17.91
4. 52 years ( 1997-1945 )
5. \$ 19.25
6. 7 years old
7. 120 horses

Number 20:

1. \$ 4.97
2. 72 ounces
3. 140 meals
4. 23 ounces
5. \$ 35.70
6. 1986 (1997-11)
7. 25 monkeys went away
8. 225 miles

Number 1:

1. favorite
2. game
3. two
4. free
5. good
6. years
7. balls
8. exercise
9. time
10. best

Number 2:

1. D 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. D 7. B 8. C 9. C 10. D

Number 3:

1. C 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. B 6. D

Number 4:

1. people, inhabitants
2. Indians
3. first, initially
4. know, realize
5. thought, believed
6. called, named
7. wasn't
8. countries, nations
9. continent
10. never, not

Number 5:

1. D 2. A 3. C 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. C 9. C 10. B

Number 6:

1. A 2. C 3. C 4. D 5. C 6. C 7. A 8. D 9. D 10. D

Number 7:

1. A 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. C 7. D 8. B 9. A 10. B

Number 8:

1. A 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. D 6. C 7. C 8. C 9. D 10. D

Number 9:

1. B 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. C 7. C 8. A 9. D 10. D

Number 10:

Answers may vary. Students should be encouraged to give
the traditional "I'm Thankful For" essay.

Number 11:

1. think, believe
2. possible
3. smarter
4. understand
5. conversation
6. topic, subject
7. closely
8. know
9. want
10. home

Number 12:

1. C
2. Yes
3. D
4. C

Number 13:

1. C 2. A 3. D 4. D 5. C 6. B 7. C

Number 14:

After a discussion, students may share experiences with class
before writing.

Number 15:

1. The people in our lives who love us, parents, etc.
2. Answers may vary. Examples: love, taking care of us.
for anything in return.

Number 16:

1. b. informed
2. d. fine
3. a. call
4. c. normal
5. b. sure
6. d. proper
7. c. delighted
8. c. chosen

Number 17:

1. D 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. A 7. D 8. C

Number 18:

1. term
2. final, last
3. future, nation
4. easier, possible
5. good, higher
6. agree
7. improve
8. but, though

Number 19:

1. February (The first letter of each line, read vertically.)
2. The poem implies that winter would not be the answer.
3. The cold weather is enduring, or not giving in to, the fact
that the amount of daylight increases each day.
4. winter
5. Teachers may want to make rhyming optional.

Number 20:

1 B 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 C

Reference Skills - Volume 1

Number 1:

1. B 2. B 3. C 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. B

Number 2:

1. C 2. B 3. A 4. A 5. B 6. D 7. D

Number 3:

1. C 2. A 3. B 4. D 5. A 6. B 7. A

Number 4:

1. D 2. D 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. B

Number 5:

1. tigers
2. The United States would not join the League of Nations.
3. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876.
4. German

Number 6:

1. No, he wasn't born yet.
2. Ape
3. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
4. moon
5. 1912

Number 7:

1. South Carolina (Compton s Encyclopedia says that some
historians believe he was born in North Carolina.)
61 (11 days before his 62nd birthday)
2. Each was vice president when the president was
assassinated. (Lincoln and Kennedy)
3. Richard Nixon
4. Trick question - Ford was never elected. He was appointed
to the office by President Nixon when Vice President Agnew
resigned. He became president when Nixon resigned.
5. Vietnam

Number 8:

1. 2 (8 - 6)
2. Yes (in Romania)
3. According to Microsoft Encarta96, The average number
of distinct skeletal structures in a young human is 200,
exclusive of the 6 ossicles found in the ears.
4. None, they're extinct.
5. Virginia

Number 9:

1. hooves of hoofs
2. roofs
3. lice
4. moose
5. geese
6. tomatoes
7. boxes
8. oxen
9. deer
10. leaves

Number 10:

1. 102
2. Speedwell
3. Mayflower Compact
4. They were all killed by a plague.

Number 11:

1. too many times
2. dog
3. birds
4. yourself
5. 3 more sides ( 8 - 5 )
6. fish ( tuna )

Number 12:

1. cow or bull
2. 3 legs
3. 5280 feet
4. You have no more food.
5. elves
6. spending money
7. feathers

Number 13:

1. A Visit from Saint Nicholas (The Night Before
Christmas)
2. 1823
3. eight
4. December
5. More, since the winter solstice is the shortest day of the
year.

Number 14:

1. Well, never ask a question when you don't know the
answer. We're still working on this one.
2. Massachusetts is larger than Connecticut.
3. Mt. Whitney at 14,494 ft. above sea level.
4. Lake Michigan
5. ruffed grouse

Number 15:

1. Germany
2. Mistletoe has white berries, holly has red.
3. Joseph Mohr wrote Silent Night in German.
4. O Little Town of Bethlehem
American

Number 16:

1. half
2. under
3. before
4. small
5. after
6. not
7. eight
8. self

Number 17:

1. 1968
2. 1945
3. Russia
4. Spain
5. 1848

Number 18:

1 C 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 A

Number 19:

1 B 2 A 3 D 4 D 5 B

Number 20:

1 A 2 A 3 D 4 C 5 B

Mathematics Problem Solving - Volume 2

Number 1:

1. 4
2. 3 cupcakes
5. \$ 94.56

Number 2:

2. \$ 12.00
3. 27 stones
4. \$ 1.00
5. 12 miles

Number 3:

1. 6 groups
2. 6 gallons
3. 9 cents
4. 8 friends
5. 32 candy bars

Number 4:

2. 4 crayfish
3. 95 (percent)
4. 744 hours
5. \$ 4.45

Number 5:

1. 90
2. 54
3. 63
4. 30
5. 8

Number 6:

1. 5 pounds
2. 54
3. 63
4. 30
5. 8

Number 7:

1. 25, 75
2. 50
3. 94
4. 12

Number 8:

1. 50 cents
2. 62 pounds
3. \$ 30.00
4. 7

Number 9:

1. \$ 9.24
2. 90
3. Neither, they are both 7.
4. \$ 12.96
5. 112 pounds

Number 10:

1. 173
2. \$ 4.91
3. 31
4. \$ 14.25
5. \$ 27.00
6. Store A has the better deal. Two bottles of shampoo cost
exactly the same at both stores since the deal at Store B
averages a 25% discount. Store A has the better deal because
you don't have to buy more than one bottle to get a discount.

Number 11:

1. \$ .21
2. \$ 11.25
3. 20
4. 15
5. Neither, they are both \$ .50.

Number 12:

1. 1/8 is greater than 1/10.
2. 2/4 or 1/2
3. 2/3
4. 3/5 + 3/5
5. 9/20

Number 13:

1. 1 more softball
2. 4
3. 11
4. 8
5. 5

Number 14:

1. 3
2. 40
3. 9
4. 16

Number 15:

1. \$ 20.00
2. They're both the same deal.
3. \$ .36
4. \$ 177.89

Number 16:

1 D 2 A 3 C 4 B 5 D 6 C 7 B 8 A

Number 17:

1. \$ 429.50
2. \$ 3.42
3. 7/8
4. 1/12

Number 1:

1. two
2. herd
3. heard
4. their
5. sea
6. threw
7. know
8. they're
9. new

Number 2:

1. pets
2. child
3. happy, thrilled
4. love
5. himself
6. days
7. close, good, best
8. more

Number 3:

1. experience
2. telescope
3. exists
4. unsure
5. spirits, souls
6. explanation
7. happen, occur
8. opinion, belief

Number 4:

1. set
2. Amanda
3. starring
4. qualified
5. dream
6. famous
7. wealth
8. signal

Number 5:

Discuss personal traits of the characters with students before
they write. Students may write a final draft to be read by
others, or just read story endings aloud to others.

Number 6:

Students may write a fictional account if they don't have a
true story to relate. They may add elements of fiction to a
story based on fact. Students should share their stories with
others.

1. decide
2. Nothing
3. topic
4. can't
5. problem
6. started
7. create
8. missing

Number 8:

1. 8 years
2 - 5. Answers will vary. Class discussion is recommended.

Number 9:

1. C 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. A 6. C 7. D

Number 10:

1. know
2. mammal
3. temperature
4. animal
5. feed
6. born
7. mammals
8. think

Number 11:

1. forms
2. names
3. solid
4. liquid
5. remain
6. cool
7. low
8. flows

Number 12:

Number 13:

Number 14:

1. False
2. False
3. False
4. True
5. True
6. True
7. False
8. True

Number 15:

1. No
2. Never
3. 1/4
4. Answers will vary. Students should justify their opinions
with reasons.

Number 16:

1. Flag Day (June 14)
2. The American Flag
3. Some racism still exits.
4. Answers will vary. Student should justify their opinion
with reasons.

Number 17:

1. teacher
3. He is about to retire.
4. Answers will vary. Student should justify their opinion
with reasons.

Reference Skills - Volume 2

Number 1:

1. He was a planter.
2. Trick question: Lincoln was born ten years after
Washington died.
3. The father of our country
4. Mount Vernon
5. Federalist
6. 8 years
7. He chose not to run.

Number 2:

1. oysters
2. Mercury or Venus
3. China
4. Spain
5. France
6. Pacific Ocean

Number 3:

1. Rome, Italy is farther north than Washington, D.C.
2. Uruguay is closer.
3. Antarctica is larger than Europe.
4. They actually share a border in the Bering Strait between
5. Tunisia

Number 4:

1. It limited a president to 2 terms.
2. It gave Congress the power to collect an income tax.
3. 21 to 18

Number 5:

1. 1876
2. Edwin Land
3. 94 years ago
4. 10
5. British Columbia

Number 6:

1. 40 days
2. March 22 - April 25
3. Because it doesn't always occur on the same date.
4. It depends on what part of Kenya you are referring to.
Spring begins in the northern hemisphere and autumn begins
in the southern hemisphere on March 20. Kenya is partly in
both hemispheres.

Number 7:

1. Asia and Europe
2. 20
3. 144
4. A bushel (4 times greater than a peck)
5. cygnet

Number 8:

1. Jackson
2. Nile River (In Africa)
3. The person who fights or opposes the hero
4. Concorde
5. The Mediterranean Sea. The Tyrrhenian Sea and the
Adriatic Sea are part of the Mediterranean; naming them
would also be a correct response.

Number 9:

1. 5,009 square miles
2. Frederick Faust
3. Thomas Jefferson, 1801
4. Wellington

Number 10:

1. 1788, 7th
2. 1913, Gideon Sundback Some credit Whitcomb Judson
for inventing the zipper in 1873. His invention was more
complex and didn't become successful.
3. He was sworn in as the first president of the United
States.
4. Boulder

Number 11:

1. The Hindenburg was a German zeppelin, or blimp. It
exploded at Lakehurst, New Jersey. The date was May 6,
1937
2. He won the Pulitzer Prize for writing the book, Profiles in
Courage.
3. May 5, 1847
4. May 8, 1945

Number 12:

1. 1918
2. 1905
3. York
4. Madrid, Spain, but not by as much as you might expect.
Madrid is 40 North latitude, Toronto 43 N.

Number 13:

1. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
2. 1801 - 1835
3. The rest of his/her life
4. 1729
5. Italy

Number 14:

1. Vitamin D; humans make this vitamin when their skin is
exposed to sunlight.
2. A deficiency of vitamin C
3. Vitamin A
4. None. Cholesterol is an animal product, plants are not a
source. However, coconut oil is high in saturated fat which
can trigger the body to make too much cholesterol.

Number 15:

1. mammal
2. Australia
3. No, it is a marsupial.
4. About 6 to 8 years.

Number 16:

1. New York
2. You own part of (a share) the company.
3. It depends on when you check. The stock can be looked
up in most newspapers that list New York Stock Exchange
prices. By using a search engine, you can fine Web sites that
allow you to get price quotes.
4. 1,000
5. 1800

Number 17:

1. Fourteen caret gold is an alloy that is 14/24 gold. Most 14
caret gold is mixed with copper and silver. White gold
combines zinc and nickel with gold. Sometimes platinum is
also used.
2. beavers
3. A Celsius degree is larger than a Fahrenheit degree.
4. tennis

English Basics - Volume 1 Answer Keys

Number 1:

Common Noun Proper Noun

1. girl Megan
2. city Chicago
3. man Richard
4. store Sears
5. state Florida
6. soda Pepsi
7. kids Chris
9. shoes Nike (Actually, Nike was
used as an adjective in this context.)
10. runner Jeff

Number 2:

1. Cheryl
3. Marineland
4. Chevrolet
5. Mexico
6. Daryl
7. Nikon
8. Darlene
9. Australia
10. Fox

Number 3:

action, being

1. washed, is
2. guessed, was
3. use, am
4. avoid, is
5. snore, are
6. sent, were
7. eat, is
8. told, is
9. described, are
10. fell, were

Number 4:

action, being

1. ran, was
2. visited, is
3. believe, are
4. gave, Were
5. saw, was
6. ate, were
7. pick, Is
8. floats, is
9. called, was

Number 5:

1. spoiled, my, little Some sources consider "my" to be a
pronoun.
2. Polite, young, a, crowded
3. The, foolish, old, the, sleepy
4. mean
5. The, two, old, the, flat
6. Seven, silly
7. A, dark, the, dry
8. your, banana, a, paper
9. his, the, late

Number 6:

sentences aloud, sharing the variety of possibilities.

Number 7

1. noun
3. verb
4. verb
5. noun
7. noun
10. noun
11. noun
12. verb
15. noun
16. verb
18. noun
19. verb
20. verb

Number 8:

1. always
2. slowly
3. seldom
4. really
5. easy
6. never
7. fairly
8. here
9. sweetly
10. before

Number 9:

Number 10:

1. it
2. We
3. you (Some authorities would classify "her" as a
possessive pronoun.)
4. He
5. them
6. her
7. me
8. us
9. They
10. she

Number 11:

1. lice
2. houses
3. taxes
4. wishes
5. leaves
6. elk or elks
7. flies
8. weasels
9. geese
10. moose

Number 12:

1. My
2. yours
3. his
4. their
5. mine
6. her
7. our
8. your
9. its
10. hers

Number 13:

1. hers singular
2. My singular
3. Her singular
4. Their plural
5. our plural
6. his singular
8. its singular
9. mine singular
10. yours singular

Number 14:

1. into
2. around
3. without
4. between
5. from
6. upon
7. across
8. by
9. until
10. over

Number 15:

1. foot
2. day
3. potatoes
4. time
5. cereal
6. cream ("whipped cream", if you consider it a compound
word)
7. woman
8. handle
9. you
10. van

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